Comparative Efficacy of Two Microdoses of a Potentized Homeopathic Drug, Arsenicum Album, to Ameliorate Toxicity Induced by Repeated Sublethal Injections of Arsenic Trioxide in Mice


Pathikrit Banerjee, Soumya Sundar Bhattacharyya, Surajit Pathak, Boujedaini Naoual, Philippe Belon, Anisur Rahman Khuda-Bukhsh
Key Words Arsenic toxicity, Mice, Biomarkers, Homeopathy, Matrix metalloproteinase

Abstract

Objectives:   To  evaluate  the  efficacy  of  2  potentized  homeopathic remedies of Arsenicum Album (Ars Alb) – 6C and  30C – in combating chronic arsenic toxicity induced by repeated sublethal injections in mice  (Mus musculus) .  Methods:  Mice were randomized and divided into sets: (1) normal  (control 1); (2) normal + succussed alcohol (control 2); (3)  As 2 O 3  (0.016%) injected at 1 ml/100 g body weight every 7  days (treated); (4) As 2 O 3  injected + succussed alcohol (positive control); (5) As 2 O 3  injected + Ars Alb 6C (drug-fed); (6)  As 2 O 3  injected + Ars Alb 30C (drug-fed). Cytogenetical endpoints like chromosome aberrations, micronuclei, mitotic index, sperm head abnormality and biochemical protocols like  acid and alkaline phosphatases, aspartate and alanine aminotransferases, reduced glutathione, lipid peroxidation, catalase and succinate dehydrogenase were studied at 30, 60,  90 and 120 days.  Results:  Compared to controls, chromosome aberrations, micronuclei, sperm head abnormality frequencies and activities of acid and alkaline phosphatases,  aspartate and alanine aminotransferases and lipid peroxi-dation were reduced in both drug-fed series, while mitotic  index and activities of glutathione, catalase and succinate  dehydrogenase were increased. Ars Alb 30C showed marginally better efficacy than Ars Alb 6C.

Conclusion:  Both  remedies indicated potentials of use against arsenic intoxication.
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