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UTI during pregnancy_presented at HMAI National Congress 2010


Subclinical Hyperthyroidism_presented at HMAI Congress 2010


Repertory of Warts by Drake O


A LITTLE MATERIAL ON BELLIS PERENNIS (DAISY)


Oxeye Daisy

Image by Dave ® via Flickr

BELLIS PERENNIS (DAISY)

Synonyms: Apigenin glycosides, Arnica montana, Asteraceae (family), asterogenic acid glycosides, bairnwort, bayogenin, Bellidis flos, Bellis sylvestris, bellissaponin, Bellorita, besysaponin, bisdesmosidic glycosides, bruisewort, Chrysanthemum leucanthemum L., common daisy, Compositae (family), consolida, daisy, day’s eye, dog daisy, English daisy, European daisy, flavonoids, flavonol glycosides, Gänseblümchen (German), glycosides, hen and chickens, Herb Margaret, La Paquerette (French), lawn daisy, little daisy, Madeliefje (Netherlands), Marguerite, Maslieben (German), Maya, meadow daisy, monodesmosidic glycosides, oxeye daisy, polyacetylenes, polygalacic acid, red daisy, saponins, Sedmikráska chudobka (Czech), triterpenoid glycosides, triterpenoid saponins, virgaureasaponin, wild daisy.

Note: Daisy is also the common name for oxeye daisy, Chrysanthemum leucanthemum L., another weedy species found in fields and along roadsides throughout the United States. This species is native to Europe and Asia, and has also been naturalized as a weed in North America.

Background: Bellis perennis is a common European species of daisy. Although many other related plants are also called daisy, Bellis perennis is often considered the archetypal species. It is sometimes called common daisy or English daisy. It is native to western, central, and northern Europe, but is commonly found as an invasive plant in North America.

The medicinal properties of Bellis perennis have been recorded in herbals as far back as the 16th century. John Gerard, the 16th century herbalist, recommended English daisy as a catarrh (inflammation of mucous membrane) cure, as a remedy for heavy menstruation, migraine, and to promote healing of bruises and swellings.

Infusions of the flowers and leaves have been used to treat a wide range of other disorders including rhinitis, rheumatoid arthritis, and liver and kidney disorders. An insect repellent spray has also been made from an infusion of the leaves. A strong decoction of the roots has been recommended for the long-term treatment of both scurvy and eczema, and a mild decoction may ease complaints of the respiratory tract.

Bellis perennis has also been used traditionally for treating wounds. Chewing the fresh leaves is said to be a cure for mouth ulcers. In Homoeopathy, Bellis perennis is often used in combination with Arnica montana to treat bruising and trauma.

Common daisy is widely used in Homoeopathy, but is currently only rarely used in herbal medicine. Although homeopathic dosing is generally recognized as safe (GRAS; U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) designation), there is a lack of available scientific evidence to support claims for effectiveness related to the use of Bellis perennis. More research is needed in this area. Recent research has explored the possibility of using the plant in HIV therapy.

Evidence

DISCLAIMER: These uses have been tested in humans or animals. Safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider.

Bleeding (postpartum, mild): Homeopathic Bellis perennis has been used for bruising, bleeding, and recovery from surgery. Additional study of Bellis perennis alone is needed to make a firm recommendation.

Tradition

WARNING: DISCLAIMER: The below uses are based on tradition, scientific theories, or limited research. They often have not been thoroughly tested in humans, and safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider. There may be other proposed uses that are not listed below.

Analgesic (pain reliever), antifungal, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antispasmodic, antitussive (suppresses coughs), arthritis, astringent, blood purifier, breast cancer, bronchitis, bruises, burns, bursitis (inflammation of bursa), childbirth (cesarean sections, episiotomy), cancer, catarrh (inflammation of mucous membrane), circadian clock acceleration, concussions, demulcent (soothes inflammation), digestion enhancement, diuretic, dysmenorrheal (painful menstruation), eczema, edema (post-operative and post-traumatic), emollient (soothes skin), expectorant (expels phlegm), fractures, HIV support, inflammation (tenosynovitis, styloiditis), insect repellent, jet lag, joint disorders (blood in joint), joint inflammation (epicondyle), joint problems (dislocations), kidney disorders, laxative, liver disorders, menorrhagia (heavy menstrual bleeding), migraines, mouth ulcers, ophthalmologic (eye) uses, osteoarthritis, periarthritis humeroscapularis, periodontitis / gingivitis, pneumonia, post-surgical recovery (plastic surgery), purgative, rheumatism, scurvy, skin diseases, soft-tissue injury (acute), sports injuries, sprains, tissue healing after surgery (abdominal), tonic, trauma (pelvic organ), wounds.

Dosing: Adults (18 years and older)

Based on available scientific evidence, there is no proven safe or effective dose for Bellis perennis. One cup of tea made from 2 teaspoons of dried Bellis perennis herb steeped in 300 milliliters of boiling water for 20 minutes, and then strained, has been taken two to four times daily.

Typical homeopathic doses used are 1 or 2 (6C or 30C potency) tablets dissolved on the tongue. For general acute conditions, one dose every two hours repeated for a maximum of six doses has been used. For less acute conditions (e.g. seasonal or chronic), one dose three times a day between meals for no more than one month has been used.

Children (younger than 18 years): Based on available scientific evidence, there is no proven safe or effective dose for Bellis perennis. In general, 1 or 2 homeopathic 6C or 30C potency tablets dissolved on the tongue have been used. For general acute conditions, one dose every two hours for up to six doses has been used. For less acute conditions (e.g. seasonal or chronic), one dose three times a day between meals for no more than one month has been used.

Safety

DISCLAIMER: Many complementary techniques are practiced by healthcare professionals with formal training, in accordance with the standards of national organizations. However, this is not universally the case, and adverse effects are possible. Due to limited research, in some cases only limited safety information is available.

Allergies: Avoid in individuals sensitive or allergic to Bellis perennis products or any of their ingredients. Respiratory allergies have occurred in sensitive individuals.

Side Effects and Warnings: In general, Bellis perennis appears to be well tolerated when used at homeopathic doses.

As an herb, however, Bellis perennis may affect the clotting cascade, resulting in blood clotting. Common daisy may also result in stunted growth, although there is a lack of scientific evidence supporting this.

Patients at risk for coagulation disorders such as strokes or blood clots, or patients with anemia should use cautiously.

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding: Bellis perennis is not recommended in pregnant or breastfeeding women due to a lack of available scientific evidence. Avoid use at traditional herbal doses during pregnancy and breastfeeding because of the possibility of growth retardation in the fetus and infant.

Interactions

Interactions with Drugs:Bellis perennis may affect coagulation and it is unclear how this herb may interact with medications that may increase the risk of bleeding. Examples include aspirin, anticoagulants (“blood thinners”) such as warfarin (Coumadin®) or heparin, anti-platelet drugs such as clopidogrel (Plavix®), and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) such as ibuprofen (Motrin®, Advil®) or naproxen (Naprosyn®, Aleve®). Caution is advised.

Interactions with Herbs and Dietary Supplements: Bellis perennis may affect coagulation, and it is unclear how this herb may interact with herbs and supplements that may increase the risk of bleeding. Caution is advised when taking with herbs and supplements that may increase the risk of bleeding, such as garlic or Ginkgo biloba.

Attribution

This patient information is based on a systematic review of scientific literature edited and peer-reviewed by contributors to the Natural Standard Research Collaboration (www.naturalstandard.com): J. Kathryn Bryan, BA (Natural Standard Research Collaboration); Jessica Clubb, PharmD (Northeastern University); Molly Davis, PharmD (University of Rhode Island); Antoinette Edmondson, PharmD (Massachusetts College of Pharmacy); Nicole Giese, MS (Natural Standard Research Collaboration); Petra Jancar, PharmD (University of Ljubljana); Toni M. Schaeffer, PhD, PharmD (Albany College of Pharmacy); Shaina Tanguay-Colucci, BS (Natural Standard Research Collaboration); Wendy Weissner, BA (Natural Standard Research Collaboration).

Read more: http://www.healthline.com/natstandardcontent/bellis-perennis/3#ixzz16vbp7xOE

Healthline.com – Connect to Better Health

Clinical tips part – 1


Cholera and Antim tart: It has the nausea, vomiting, loose stools, prostration, cold sweat, and stupor or drowsiness found in almost all bad cases of this disease, and I have seldom been obliged to give more than two or three doses, one after each vomiting before the case was relieved. — Dr. E. B. Nash

Obstinate Constipation and Aloe: I was called to treat a child five years of age suffering from birth with a most obstinate form of constipation. He had to be forced and held to the stool crying and screaming all the while being totally unable to pass any faeces even after an enema. I then gave a few doses of Aloe 200th and cured the whole trouble quickly and permanently.– Dr. E. B. Nash

Goitre and Iodum: I have cured many cases of Goitre with Iodine CM, every night for four nights, after the moon fulled and was waning. — Dr.E.B.Nash

Liver Cancer and Cadmium: I frequently find cancer of the liver yielding to Calcarea ars. In every way but with a tendency to relapse, when a single dose of Cadmium in high potency will render the cure permanent.– Dr. A. H. Grimmer

Scar and Graphitis: if you know a woman who is suffering from an old scar that has formed a lump, when she is about to go into confinement, give a dose of Graphitis as a general remedy, unless some other special remedy is called for. — Dr.  J. T. Kent

Fracture of Fingers and Symphytum: Fracture of hand and finger bones knit more quickly with Symphytum 30 two or three times a day for a week. — Dr. Pierre Schmidt

Cirrhosis of Liver and Muriatic acid: is useful in last stages of dropsy from Cirrhosis of Liver.– Dr. E. A. Farrington

Pain in biliary passage and Calcarea carb: when given in repeated dose of 30 th dilution relieves the pain attending the biliary passage. — Dr.Hughes

Animal/Insect bites and Cantharis: Cantharis 200 given internally quickly cures the inflamed and horrible swelling that may follow great bites. — Dr. M. L. Tyler

Uterine Contraction and Pulsatilla: It will very often cause in five minutes a very strong contraction of the uterus, sometimes almost in a painless way.  — Dr. J. T. Kent

Toothache and Plantago: Toothache with the 2X dilution of Plantago, I cure seven-tenths of all cases of this kind in about 15 minutes. — Dr. Ruetlinger

Appendicitis Rhus tox is the homeopathic knife in appendicitis.– Dr.Biegler

Cramps and Viburnum Q: cramps in the abdomen and legs of pregnant women are controlled very quickly by this remedy. — Dr.Hale

Blisters on Hand and Aristolochia: Blisters on the hands from heavy manual labour disappear overnight after the application of 10% Aristolochia ointment. — Dr. Julius Mezger

Claustrophobia and Argentum nit: Argentums nitricum cures Claustro-phobia. — Dr. M.L.Tyler

Weak Ankles and Natrum carb: Weakness of the ankles from childhood finds a good remedy in Natrum carb.– Dr. E.B.Nash

Stiff Back and Causticum: Painful stiffness of the back and sacrum, especially on rising from a chair.– Dr. E.B.Nash

Kreosote and Cancer Cervix: One has seen Kreosote 200 annihilative of the terrible odours that sometimes accompany cancer of the cervix, where if it did nothing more, it made life more supportable for patient and for entourage. — Dr. M.L.Tyler

Stiff neck and Belladona: Belladona is the best remedy for stiff neck of the rheumatic origin or from cold. — Dr.E.A.Farrington

Temperature and Sulphur: Sulphur dreads the cold in hot weather and the heat in cold weather: —Dr. Constantine Hering

Kent on Potency: Never leave a remedy until you have tested it in a higher potency if it has benefited the patient.
Dr.J.T. Kent

Coccus cacti & Paroxysmal cough: Coccus cacti suits almost any paroxysmal cough when the attacks are violent, but not very close together, and are attended by much redness of the face and a general sense of feeling too hot. If irritation of the kidneys, with scanty, thick heavy urine, passed pretty often also attends, it is doubly indicated and the results will be brilliant. — Dr. Boger C.M

Arnica in Pleuro-pneumonia: If pleura-pneumonia has followed upon an external injury, such as a blow, or a fractured rib, or some other traumatic cause, we should choose Arnica in preference to Bryonia. — Dr. Hale R

Sinapis nigra in Colic: Everyone has patients with a Dioscorea colic, but when there is very offensive breath, the remedy called for is ‘Sinapis nigra’.  — Dr. Robert Redfield

Acalypha Indica on GI tract: Aclypha indica is indicated for haemorrhagic broncho-pulmonary disease especially with burning GI symptoms. — Dr. Furman T. Kepler

Leucorrhoea in Children: If there are no specific reasons for other remedies, I start treatment in young girls with mild catarrhal discharge (leucorrhoea) by giving Pulsatilla especially is the discharge is thick like cream, and then Sulphur or Sepia according to symptoms. If these remedies are not sufficient to effect a cure, then Cal. carb is mostly indicated. — Dr. Wassily

Lycopodium in infantile eczema: Lycopodium is a master remedy in infantile eczema. — Dr. Leon Renard

Ignatia for Stage fright: To be given prophylactically a few doses on the day of performance, and one dose just before it. — Dr. Bennett

Ruta for straining flexor tendons: Ruta is the medicine for complaints from straining flexor tendons. — Dr. C.C. Boericke

When Carefully chosen remedy not responded: When not withstanding the carefully chosen remedy and the patient’s faultless diet, the sick condition lies on the contrary is not at all changed, the cause usually lies in want of receptivity which we must seek to remove either by repeated small doses or by medicines recommended for deficient reaction. — Dr. Boger C.M

Belladona in insomnia: I often use frequent doses of belladonna 1X to relieve the insomnia due to pain caused by rheumatism. — Dr. Cuthbert

Naja in Heart cases: Always prescribe Naja in heart cases when symptoms are scarce, unless guided away from it by some specific symptoms. — Dr. Moore

Pulsatilla in Tuberculosis: Pulsatilla is probably the strictly homeopathic remedy that I use most often in early tuberculosis. — Dr. Walter sands Mills

Bellis perennis in Soreness of joints: Bellis perennis is indicated when there is a bruised, strained feeling with general soreness of joints and muscles, resulting from exposure, and after vigorous physical exercise, and in Dr Hinsdale’s experience, surpasses Arnica in these conditions. — Dr. Skinner

If old obscured symptoms returned: If old obscured symptoms, complained of perhaps months or years before the first prescription was made, reappear and trouble the patient, they should be carefully noted, and their course observed, but these symptoms should not be hastily prescribed for until a picture of the proper remedy is presented, for such conditions frequently appear and then disappear of themselves, never to return. — Dr. Hardy

3 Pointers to Aethusa cynapium: -Acute vomiting, diarhoea or chronic GI complaints.  -Milk intolerance -Associated brain symptoms, anxiety, uneasiness, discontent, restlessness. — Dr. Furman T. Keple

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